Cranes & Industrial Vehicles

Cranes, industrial vehicles, hoist equipment in general. What's in common? D.H. Lamina!

D.H. Lamina is an affordable partner for every kind of Machined Component made of Engineering Plastic. Thanks to decades of experience, D.H. Lamina can offer an incredible knowledge and can support your Company in the most challenging situations of an everyday work.

Find out our cost saving solutions, weight reduction, wear reduction and many more advantages.

 

 

We machine

COMPONENTS FOR

AERIAL WORK PLATFORMS
MOBILE CRANES
MATERIAL HANDLERS
TELEHANDLERS
TOWER CRANES
OFFSHORE CRANES

MACHINABLE PLASTICS FOR CRANES & INDUSTRIAL VEHICLES

PA6G details.

PA6G is a beige coloured, firm, homogeneous, stress-relieved CAST POLYAMIDE, with a high degree of crystallinity.

Production method

While PA6 is obtained with an extrusion process, PA6G is obtained from a monomer moulding process, in which semi-finished products (plates, tubes, rods of finished parts) are created by a controlled reaction. Caprolactam is melted separately with activator and catalyst, then mixed and immediately put into a heated mould, that gives shape to semi-finished products. This process is called casting reaction (Polyamide 6 Guss which, translate from German means Polyamide 6 Cast), which could be divided into:

  • Centrifugal casting, the shape in obtained by rotating movements (ideal method for pulleys);
  • Standing casting, standard method where the substances are casting and standing into a mould.

Thank to this production method, a significant improvement is obtained, which reflects in a better performance of the material and also a better physical properties. It is also an appropriate method to produce larger parts.

Characteristics

PA6G offers a high abrasion and wear resistance at low medium speeds compared to cast iron, steel or bronze, especially under harsh conditions, such as contact with sand or dust.

Its visco-elasticity complies with a various environmental requirements, in fact it can easily prolong machine lifetime and it is perfectly suitable for parts such as rollers, gear wheels, etc.

With a specific weight of 1,15 g/cm3, PA6G only weight approx.13% of the same volume of bronze, 15% of steel and 43% of aluminium, which means less centrifugal force and imbalance in rotating parts.

Sliding properties

Polyamide 6 Cast offers excellent sliding properties, even when running dry, which characterise it as a friction bearing material for machine parts that are subject to a lot wear. Because of the low coefficient of friction, lubrification is often unnecessary or only an initial lubrification is required when the parts are installed.

Temperature, moisture and dimensional stability

Unfortunately PA6G is influenced by temperature and moisture. When temperatures increase or water is absorbed, tensile and compressive strength are reduced, modulus of elasticity and hardness are reduced, while impact resistance and expansion increase.

Dimensional stability is also affected by these circumstances. However, the high crystallinity of PA6G reduces moisture absorption considerably. Water is only absorbed very slowly. The rate of absorption reduces progressively with the depth of penetration.

Saturation level in standard climate (23°C/50%RH) depending on type: 1,5 – 2%.

Linear deformation due to moisture absorption: approx. 0,15 – 0,20% per 1% water absorbed.

Linear deformation due to temperature changes: approx. 0,1% per 10°C temperature change.

Chemical Resistance

PA6G offers also a good chemical resistance against weak acids and alkalis as well as all conventional organic and inorganic bases. It is resistant to hydrocarbons (such as Petrol), oils, fats, esters, ketones and ether. It resists to trichlorethylene, carbon tetrachloride, methylene chloride, Fringe and Freon too. It is suitable to work submerged into sea water, but like water, and also with chloroform, ethanol and methanol, a little swelling could be caused. Alcohols are largely indifferent and it can also resist to mineral acids in low concentrations. There may be slight discoloration on the acetic acid, phenols, cresols, glycols and benzyl alcohol, especially at high temperatures.

Food compliance

PA6G complies with FDA, EC1935/2004, EC2023/2006 and EU 10/2011.

Additives

Thanks to a various type of additives, PA6G can be improved, such as:

  • +MOS2, for a higher crystallinity;
  • +OIL, for better sliding properties;
  • +SL, for almost no stick slip effect;
  • -HS, for a higher stability.

 

PA6G most famous brand name:
  • Linnotam;
  • Zellamid® 1100;
  • Sustamid® 6G;
  • Ertalon® 6PLA;
  • Lamigamid® 310;
  • Tecast® T.
PA6G in few words.

Special properties:

  • Excellent mechanical properties;
  • Good toughness;
  • Good hardness and stiffness;
  • Very good sliding properties;
  • Very high abrasion and wear resistance;
  • high mechanical strength coupled with high impact strength.

Used in:

  • Transport and conveyor;
  • Material handling;
  • Construction;
  • Automotive and Garage equipment;
  • Offshore;
  • Food Industry;
  • Steel Industry;
  • Waste Management.

Applications:

  • Sliding parts;
  • Wear components;
  • Ball bearing races;
  • Friction bearings;
  • Pulleys;
  • Bogies;
  • Rope pulleys;
  • Sheaves;
  • Rollers;
  • Wheels;
  • Gears.

Download datasheet

MACHINED PARTS FOR CRANES & INDUSTRIAL VEHICLES